Tivat – Almost five years after, because of the large debts, sailing company “Jugooceanija” has sold its last ship, over the world seas there are still 12 ships sailing from a former powerful Kotor fleet.
The company which at the beginning of the nineties was the second largest by the gross tonnage in the former SFRJ, today it exists only on paper, and its fleet, which at the moment of introducing of the sanctions of UN towards the former SFRJ, was made of 22 ships, was destroyed by the decisions of those who in the last 15 years changed at the position of the Administrative board of “Jugooceanija”. What remained after the abolition of the sanctions in 1995 was not much. Fleet at that moment was made of 15 ships with almost 412 thousand tones of total capacities, but then usurers’ credits for the renewal which resulted with the fact that in the next seven years fleet has completely collapsed, because the ships of “Jugooceanija” were stopped in the majority of word harbors, and mostly those ships were sold through the court on the demands of the non paid creditors, sometimes also on the demands of the crew which didn’t get their salaries. The final end came in the 2002, when in Bijela the last ship of “Jugooceanija” – “Novi” (NEW). By a stroke of faith, that happened exactly 100 years from the sinking of the last Boka sailing boat, a barge “Nemirna” (RESTLESS) in 1902 in the waters of Biskaj bay, so Boka Kotorska after one century again was without ships. The last Boka ship, hoever, became an embryo of a new company so “Novi’ (NEW) under the name of “Argola” was the first vessel of a just founded Croatian company “Sartia nautical”, for which in the following three years it earned enough money for the purchase of another three used ships. Croatians in the meantime have sold the “Argola”, so the ancient “Novi” bulk carrier of the capacity 28.972 tones, built in 1978 in Britain, is now found in the fleet of the company “Ali Fahel Shipping” which is registered in Cypress. Under the new name “Ocean Beauty” and the flag of Georgia on its mast “Novi” still reliably goes over the sea as the biggest among the dozen of ships in the fleet of “Al Fahel”. Among the three ships of the Syrian shipping company “Mamari shipping”, another former “Jugooceanija” ship is the biggest one – a former freighter “Risan” of capacity of 14.719 tones which today sails under the name of “Lady Flora” and under Panama flag. Its twin brother, former “Tivat” on its mast has the flag of Saint Vincent and Grenadine, and also has a new name – “Taurus”. It is interesting that the current owner from Greece is offering it for sale for million of dollars which is very good for a ship which is 25 years old. The other two former “Jugooceanija’s” twins “Lovcen” and “Durmitor”, half container ships of capacities of 17.250 tones, built in 1982, today belong to Chinese and Greek – the first under the name of Ever Power” and on its mast has a Chinese flag, and sails in the fleet of the company “Ever Sagety International” from Hong Kong, while “Durmitor” became “Anais” and is registered on Cypress. A former “Moslavina”, also a half container ship of capacity of 15.926 tones built in 1978, now has the name “Kheleda”, bores the flag of Malta and belongs to the company “Alunited Maritime PTE” from Singapore. Another former Kotor maritime veteran, half container ship “Zeta” of capacity 15.767 from 1978 year, and which at one point “Jugooceanija”, as it was then officially said, sold in the old iron, instead of ending up in a high furnace of some steel mill is still sailing over the world seas under the Panama flag and under the new name “Cirus”,, and his owner is Greek Company “Athinais” from Pirej.
Two former newest “Jugooceanija’s” shipe – half containers “Boka” and “Kupres” of capacities of 18.050, which were built at the beginning of the nineties, are today registered in Cypress, that is on Thailand.
“Kupres” is now “Aeolian sun” and it belongs to the Greek company “Swiss Marine” from Pirej, while “Boka” which is in the fleet of the famous Thailand Company with the Norwegian funds “Thorensen & Co” became “Thor Navigator”. Beside this one “Thorensen” has bought another “Jugooceanija’s” ship, a bulk carrier “Grant – Mariner” of capacity of 34.800 tones which was made in 1985, and which is now named “Thor Orchid” and sails under the flag of Thailand. The former “Grant Carrier”, bulk carrier of capacity of 30.960 tones, built in 1984, now is owned by the Greek company “Harbor Shipping and Trading” which gave him the new name “Chios Sailor”, and it sails under the flag of Panama. 5 big “Jugooceanija’s” bulk carriers which were the biggest ships of the Montenegrin trading fleet, and which have also been sold in the past years under the burden of the sanctions and debts, today do not exist anymore. The twins “Sutjeska” and “Orjen”, “Kosmaj” and “Kordun” of capacity of 72.050 tones, built from 1976 to 1978 in England, ended up in the cutting warehouses in the Far East but under new identities – “Sutjeska” as a Malta ship “Sarah”, “Orjen” as an “Orion”, “Kosmaj” as a “Velo”, and “Kordun” as an “Ordu” under the flag of Comora islands.
A similar destiny had one of the once best “Jugooceanija’s” ships, “Crna Gora” (MONTENEGRO) of capacities of 64.730 tones, built in Japan, which in 2004 was cut into the old iron as a Cypress freighter “Euromerchant”.
Still, one vessel of the Kotor’s “Jugooceanija” remained in half a domestic hands: bulk carrier “Pelinovo” of capacity of 30.650 tones, built in 1984, today is a part of the fleet of the respectable company “Dabinovic” from Monako, which was founded by the famous Boka ship owner, late Bozo Dabinovic. Even though on its mast it has a foreign flag of a small country Saint Vincent and Grenadina, this boat even today has a very domestic name – “Perast”.