Premier Djukanovic is leading the independence drive Montenegrins will decide in a vote on Sunday whether their small coastal republic should remain part of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro or become fully independent. What is at stake?
The union of Serbia and Montenegro is now all that remains of the federation of six republics that made up Yugoslavia before the independence wars of the 1990s.
In terms of both population and area, Montenegro is very much overshadowed by Serbia, and many Montenegrins – including Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic – would like their republic to make the final break and go it alone.
The pro-independence camp insists that Montenegro is being held back by its association with Serbia.
Those in favour of preserving the union point to the strong historical links between Montenegrins and Serbs – who share the same language and Orthodox Christian faith – and economic ties between the two republics.