Since 2009 Montenegro has received another national park – Prokletije. The Prokletije mountains, are located in the southernmost part of the Dinaric Alps, more than 40 miles from Skadar Lake along the Montenegro – Albania border. There are three national parks in Prokletije—this one – in Montenegro, and 2 in Albania. Probably fourth has been proposed for Kosovo.
This grandiose mountain massif, with its beauty and uniqueness attracts attention of all visitors, especially tourists. Relief is jagged, with numerous peaks, gorges, steep slopes, alps type of river valleys and other natural phenomena. There is couple of zones in National Park Prokletije: Karanfilsko-Bjelicki (most rugged part of the area, with numerous peaks over 2,000 meters above sea level); Visitorsko; Zona Bogicevica; Zona Bora and Kofiljace; Stratacko-Zavojska zone.
Glacial lakes, large and small streams, springs and sources of drinking and mineral water, rivers, underground aquifers and mountain ponds will leave you breathless.
On the territory of the park there are over 1,700 species of plants, representing half the flora of Montenegro, or something around 1/5 of the total Balkan flora. Abstract 40 typical plant communities. Also, the Prokletije National Park are habitat of several endemic species. Prokletije are the habitat of rabbit, wolf, brown bear, lynx, wild boar, chamois and deer.
Due to its complete non-contamination, rivers and lakes are rich in various kinds of animal (fish, amphibians and reptiles) as well as plant species.
The vegetation of the Prokletije is among the richest on the Balkan Peninsula and one of the main central European regions for flora. 1611 wild plants have been described, 50 flora species are endemic, sub-endemic and endangered plant species. The southern edge of mountains have a sub-Mediterranean character.
Because of its altitude and its favored habitat, the range is one of the centers of arcto-alpine relict flora of the Balkan Peninsula. Out of 77 arcto-alpine species of former glacial flora on the Balkan Peninsula, a little over 50 species can be found in the Prokletije National Park.
The flora in the rocky areas of the Prokletije are particularly noteworthy, because they are rare rich and endemic species, including the Tertiary relic Amphoricarpos neumayeri. Many species of flora are either endemic or are mainly found in the Prokletije.
Many facilities are due to their architectural, artistic and historical values declared monuments. In Blue – old mosque from the fifteenth century and Redžepagića tower; in the village church dedicated to St. Brezojevica. Trinity from the twelfth century and the school building; in Gusinje – Vizier mosque from the eighteenth century, the tower and the church of St. Balic. George.
The traditional architecture of the area has been preserved in the form of residential houses, which were made of wood, a combination of wood and stone or only of stone.
As well as in other national parks, Prokletije offer an unforgettable active holiday. From hiking to mountain climbing, Prokletije will amaze you with its unspoiled nature and beauty. Small places at the foot of the Prokletije, offer a unique atmosphere and hospitality.
What you should not miss are: Plav Lake and Ali-Pashas Springs. These are two MUST VISIT places.
History of park:
Prokletije National Park have a rich cultural and historical past from prehistory to our times. In this region many civilisation and culture have left some trace. This is evidenced by the numerous sites, fortresses, churches, mosques, settlements, cemeteries, traditional architecture, beliefs, customs, ethnological motives, costumes, folklore.
The remains of settlements date from the Palaeolithic, Copper and Bronze Ages, from the time of the Illyrians, the Roman Empire. From the Middle Ages, encouraged the remains of religious buildings and defences in and out of the Turks were: the rule is encouraged by many monuments oriental effects are. Significant remains from the prehistoric considered drawings carved into the rock on the hill Vizier chin and on a rock near Grbaje. Many facilities are due to their architectural, artistic and historical value declared monuments.
This area is characterised by an extremely valuable ethnographic wealth, which is reflected in the variety of folk costumes, original music, folklore, customs, and there are many home-made products and handicrafts.
Finally, some Travel agencies offer a tour to the National Park Prokletije, which is also one of the ways that you can visit and enjoy this amazing place.