The Park is located at wide mountain region in the northwestern part of Montenegro, surrounded by rivers Piva and Tara and there are 23 mountain tops over 2300 meters of altitude. Park is 39000 acres large and includes 82 kilometers of canyon of the Tara with altitude of 1600 meters above river level.
Durmitor’s region is the most important part of Dinara mountain range, characterized by high peaks, abundant forests and deep gorges. Canyon of Tara is the largest in Europe and has over 1500 kinds of flora and 130 kinds of birds.
There are 17 glacier lakes in the Park and the highest top in Montenegro is Bobotov kuk (2522 m). Since 1980 Park and canyon of Tara are under protection of UNESCO. In 1977 canyon was proclaimed world ecological reserve. Seven zones of Park are among special protected areas (ICUM):
· Uncut forest of fir
· Black pine at Crna poda
· Canyon of Susica
· Region of lake Barno
· Region of Lake Zaboljsko
· Canyon of Tara
· Milling stream
Large number of 314 protected animals in Montenegro, including 163 kinds of birds live in Durmitor’s area.
Because of large battle that took place in WWII in vicinity of Žabljak, there are eight historic monuments. Other historic places and monuments are scattered at the southern and northern parts of the Park. Although not finished yet, archeological exploration is showing traces of Mesolithic period.
Recreation has important place among activities at National Park Durmitor. Tracking, mountaineering, Alpine and Nordic skiing, rafting on Tara river, fishing, camping and visits by bus or car are available to you at any time.
History of the Park:
Kingdom of Montenegro placed Crno Jezero ( Black Lake) and its river Tara under king’s protection. On September 06 1952 Assembly of Republic of Montenegro proclaimed mountain Durmitor as National Park. Assembly of Socialist Republic of Montenegro broadened National Park Durmitor with canyon of Tara on February 03, 1978. Space plan of Park was made in 1995.
Transport and connection:
Park can be reached from Belgrade, by highway to Pljevlja and than over Tara river to Žabljak and Mojkovac. If you’re coming from Podgorica, it’s most likely that you’ll have to pass through canyon of Moraca to Mojkovac and then to Zabljak. Considering that there is no functional airport near, you can’t get to Zabljak by plane. There is a bus line from Podgorica to Pljevlja and Zabljak. Railway Belgrade – Bar will connect you with Mojkovac.
Source: Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, Plan for Future of National Parks of Montenegro and development of entrepreneurship, FLAG International.