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Cetinje History

The History of Cetinje – Part III

In the year 1713., on suggestion of bishop Danilo, in Cetinje the gathering of the General Montenegrin gathering is held, on which the representatives of the 12 most influential Montenegrin heads take part in. On that occasion an Earth (over tribal and general tribal) court for under Lovcen Montenegro, which apart from the court carried out other state businesses was founded. Today it is considered that by the act of forming the Earth court, for the first time in history of Montenegro, it can be spoken of establishing of a special “Folk Government“. For the President of that legislative body Montenegrin Governor Vukadin Vukotic was elected.

In October and November 1714. year Cetinje and the larger part of the under Lovcen Montenegro, found itself in the middle of the campaign of the Bosnian vizier Numan – pasha Cuprilica. Turkish campaign came from three sides, so the under Lovcen Montenegro, at that time suffered the hardest destruction in the two century fight with the Turks. Bosnian army left on Cetinje wasteland, sowing death, taking people for slaves and pillaging and burning households. Still, after a short period of time, Turks leave the under Lovcen area, not even trying to establish control.

In the period from 1714. until 1716 bishop Danilo resides in Russia, as a guest of the Russian emperor Petar Veliki, who, because of the sacrifice and alliance in the war with the Turks, gives Danilo two gramates – that is confirmations about the recognition of the alliance and about the constant financial help to Cetinje monastery, which should have been paid out every third year.
In the year 1717. the Venetian Senate confirms to bishop Danilo and his descendants the right of religious jurisdiction over the Orthodox population on the Montenegrin coast.

For the main mediator in the regulation of the Venetian – Montenegrin relations and for the first Montenegrin governor Vukadin Vukotic was named.
On the spiritual and political throne of Montenegro, with the seat in Cetinje, came bishop Sava Petrovic in the year 1753. He holds the political and church control, but already in the year 1750. he leaves the political helm to a younger cousin, Bishop Vasilije Petrovic. Bishop Sava rules until the year 1781. Until the death of Bishop Vasilije Petrovic – in 1766. year, the foreign policy of Montenegro developed in a very dynamic way, and at that time the political reputation of the state was raised significantly. The same statesman in the year 1752. manages, because of the loyalty and alliance with Russia, to get affinity of that great empire, which results with the patronage of Russia over Montenegro, and since that event Montenegro is found under the direct protection of Russia.

A very important event for former Montenegro, but mostly for the capital Cetinje, happened in the beginning of December in 1756. year, when the Montenegrins won a victory over the numerous Turkish army of the Bosnian vizier Camil Ahmet – pasha, in the village Predis, in a place called Bjelice close to Cetinje.

After his return from his second voyage through Russia, bishop Vasilije, brings to Montenegro a Russian colonel, who on his return to his homeland, makes a very unfair report about the state and relations in Montenegro, which caused the cooling of the relationship between the official Cetinje, meaning Montenegro, and Russia. Even though once again in the year 1756. Bishop Vasilije resided in Russia, his intention was to deny the lies from the report of the Russian colonel, but death stopped him, so he was buried, with great honors and on the expense of the Russian Empire in the Blagovjetsanska Church in Petrograd, where his remains still are.

For the new ruler of Montenegro, in Cetinje, on the General Montenegrin gathering in October 1767. Scepan Mali, in history better known as “false emperor“ was elected. He was elected for the political leader of Montenegrins, because he allegedly was the Russian emperor Petar III. Still, later it was found out that the real Russian emperor was killed in the time of the arrival of Scepan Mali on the throne of Montenegro, and in that way his false identity was discovered.

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