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Cetinje History

The History of Cetinje - Part IV

During the period of ruling of Scepan Mali, the title of the governor was established in Montenegro. For the first man with that title on the General Montenegrin gathering held in Cetinje in 1770. year, Jovan Radonjic was proclaimed, whose descendants later inherited the right to vote for that function. In September 1773. year Scepan Mali is being killed while sleeping by a Greek man, while in the year 1781. on the metropolitan throne of Cetinje a pretty incapable and old bishop Arsenije Plamenac was placed. He ruled only until the year 1784. when Cetinje and the former Montenegro began to be governed by the most famous person in the Montenegrin history by the metropolitan Petar I Petrovic Njegos.

His ruling the historians have described as a very wise and successful one. Metropolitan Petar I was a respected spiritual bard, a gifted army commander, a recognized diplomat, and a great reformer. During the period of his reign Montenegrin state for the first time got written laws, and metropolitan Petar I Petrovic is also famous by a very important decision about the unison of the hill tribes with the under Lovcen Montenegro, to which Cetinje belonged. The same ruler as the most respected literate of that time significantly influenced the development of literature in former Montenegro.

Even though the invasion of the Turks on Cetinje and under Lovcen Montenegro, was very hard and during the period of reign of Bishop Petar I Petrovic, only the Skadar deputy, in history better known as Mahmut – pasha Busatlija, in June 1785. year, during the Petar`s residing in Russia, managed to significantly damage and burn Cetinje and the surrounding areas. Turkish army has also set on fire Cetinje monastery, and after several days of staying in Cetinje, left the town, directing itself towards the Coast, where they have pillaged Pastrovici.

The name of Mahmut – pasha Busatlija, is connected with the following events that took place around Cetinje and wider area of under Lovcen Montenegro. After a great defeat of the Turkish army, by the Montenegrins, in the place called Martinici (Bjelopavlici) in July 1796. year, Mahmut – pasha, in the September of the same year wishing to definitely conquer the free territory of the former Montenegro, once again attacks and a, for Montenegro crucial, battle on Krusi (Ljesanska nahija) happens, in which Turks were finally defeated and Mahmut – pasha, murdered.

Immediately after the battle, with a victory won, Montenegrins come back with a triumph to Cetinje, where a solemn welcome was organized. With the battle on Krusi, Montenegro creates a historical turn point in further Turkish – Montenegrin relations, and the free territory of Montenegro, was widened by the annex of the places called Piper and Bjelopavlici.

On the folk parliament in Cetinje, in October 1798. year, the Legal Code of Petar I was passed, while the amendment of that document came in 1803. year in the monastery Stanjevici near Budva.

In Cetinje in the year 1805. Russia established the first diplomatic representative office, so that period is considered for a very significant for the promotion of Cetinje in a diplomatic residence.

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