The History of Cetinje – Part V
On the throne of the Montenegrin church and state in the year 1830. comes Petar II Petrovic Njegos (1813. – 1851.), to the contemporary history known as a great philosopher and a poet. Beside his great contribution to literature, and promotion of Montenegro in various countries of the world, during the period of the reign of bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos or bishop Rade Tomov, in Cetinje in the year 1831. a Controlling senate of Montenegro and Hills was elected. That legislative body, better known as Big court (Velji sud), is made of 12 most respected heads of the former Montenegro, and it has the function of legislative, executive and court power. In the same year Montenegrin troupes have directed themselves from Cetinje in an, unfortunately, unsuccessful attack on Podgorica, which was held by the Turkish conquerors.
In the year 1833., after Petar II became a bishop, in Cetinje the Law of ancestry was passes. It contained 20 articles, and in the same year the Montenegrins again perform an unsuccessful attack on Podgorica.
During the period of reign of bishop Petar II Petrovic Njegos, Montenegro had a very noticeable role in the diplomatic circles of former Europe.
The period from 1837. to 1850., is remembered for an extremely outstanding literary work of Petar II Petrovic Njegos. That great ruler was a frequent guest of Austria and Russia. In 1844. he visited Vienna, in 1845.year he published his work “Microcosm Rays“(Luca mikrokozma), and in 1847, his most famous work “Mountain Wreath“(Gorski Vijenac). In the year 1851 Njegos`s work “False Emperor Scepan Mali“(Lazni car Scepan mali) was published.
For that period of government it is important to mention also the year 1835., better known for the pillage of Zabljak by the Montenegrins, and also the battle on Grahovo in 1836. year.
The period of reign of the great thinker and philosopher PetarII Petrovic Njegos, the history of Cetinje apart from the sudden progress of education, is also known by arrival of the fist pool table in Cetinje.
In the year 1838. with the financial help of Russia, in Cetinje, a first residential building for Bishop Rade Tomov (Njegos) is being built, and even today in its facilities there is the pool table for playing. The famous pool is brought from Vienna in 1839. year. It is placed in the largest room of the billiard parlor. As Njegos was a very good pool player, he would express his skill usually by playing with respectable guests, on the big table, whom almost always he beat.
On the throne of Montenegro, in Cetinje, in October 1851. comes Danilo I Petrovic Njegos. Already the next, 1852. year, the Montenegrin Senate proclaimed the state a Principality, and Danilo officially became a Prince, which was immediately confirmed by Russia. In the year 1853. an agreement about the end of the war between Montenegro and Turkey was concluded, and the same year Prince Danilo visited the Austrian Emperor.