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Cetinje Nature

Cetinje is situated on the 650 meters above the see level. The town spreads over the Cetinje field, and a largely wide valley of former river Cetina. It encloses the surface of 910 m2.

From all sides Cetinje is bordered by the stony rocks, which create a jagged relief of funnel – shaped depressions, coves as well as high peaks. Cetinje lies on the very edge of the National park Lovcen, with the peaks Stirovnik, the highest point (1 749 m), on which a TV tower and Lake peak, (1 660 m) which raises above the field of Njegusi, are found. In the vicinity of town there are several attractive caves: Lipska, Koronina pit, Duboki do (Deep valley) and others. In the east, towards Podgorica, there is an approach to Skadar Lake, another famous Montenegrin National park.

When we are talking about caves, Lipska Cave was the most famous even in Njegos`s time. It was discovered approximately at the same time when the Postojinska jama (Postojinska pit) was discovered in Slovenia. According to the written documents, it is known that in it the Englishmen Lejard went through it in 1839., as well as the famous traveler writer and researcher Pavle Rovinski, who after going down at 450 meters deep, in 1887., wrote that in the cave there are stalactites and other decorations that can not be found in any other cave.

Nearby Cetinje is also the River Crnojevic, a picturesque little town. For the funs of nature those parts of Cetinje would be the best recommendation, and a sufficient reason, that a part of your annual holiday you dedicate to a visit or staying in that part of Montenegro.

If in Cetinje you are coming in spring or summer, especially in the time of blossoming of famous Cetinje`s linden trees, the nature will drunk you so much with scents and colors, that the story about the freethinking and rebellious people that live in Cetinje for centuries, will seem almost unimaginable and unreal, in comparison to the surrounding in which you are going to stay.
Sub – region of Cetinje can be divided into 3 micro – regions: the region of Cetinje, the region of Lovcen, and the region of the River Crnojevic with a part of Skadar Lake. The fourth region is made of Katunski krs (Summer pasture stone), but it is less cited, because under the term of micro – region only the areas, which beside the natural and climate have also the outstanding tourist comforts, are stressed.

It is interesting to point out that the surroundings of Cetinje are characteristic by the large presence of all forms of karsts and their great concentration in a very small space. The characteristics of Cetinje`s relief or karsts phenomena like:  funnel – shaped depression in karsts, coves, karst fields, and especially pits and caves drawn the attention of tourists. In Cetinje the climate is very characteristic and it can be divided into summer and winter one.

In the summer half of the year weather conditions in Cetinje are pretty favorable, rainfall is rare, and the day temperatures and the humidity of air are favorable, while the nights are very fresh and pleasant. Insignificant cloudiness and significant insulation is over 2.400 hours per year. The average year air temperature in Cetinje is 11 C0 , in Ivanova korita (Ivan’s riverbeds) it is 8C0 , and in the River Crnojevic it is 18C0 . During the summer, in June, the average air temperature is 18 C0 while in July and August it doesn’t go over 22C0.
In difference to the summer, the winter half of the year is not so favorable, for life as well as for the tourism in Cetinje. From October till February, relative humidity of air is pretty high – it goes about 80%. Long lasting and intensive rains that often fall in that part of the year (sometimes daily up to 1001/m2), affect the general mood of people, who are forced to spend a great deal of their day in closed space.

However, on River Crnojevic, that also belongs to the municipality of Cetinje, and which is only 16 km away from the town, thermal conditions during the winter are favorable for life as well as for the development of some kind of tourism.

This place for years back was known also by the name of “Montenegrin Nice” because in the past, the Montenegrin ruling dynasty Petrovic, used it as a winter residence. In that area a changed Adriatic climate dominates, which during the winter months allows rest and recreation, and it especially allows winter, health and hunting – fishing tourism, and all kinds of tourist activities that are in its infancy in Montenegro.

Beside that, very interesting is the climate of the mountain Lovcen, which because of its mountain – climate uniqueness is 13 km away from Cetinje, and because of the climate characteristics, has great predispositions for the development of tourism during the whole year.  Especially in a place where the famous rest home Ivanova korita was found, under the foot of Lovcen, summers are significantly colder than in Cetinje, while during the winter the thermal conditions are suitable for active recreation, because then significant amounts of snow falls are being secreted. Snow blanket on Lovcen and Ivanova korita averagely stays for 110 days. All those characteristics create ideal conditions for performance of winter sports and mountain tourism.
In the center of Cetinje strong winters begin in the middle of December. Depending on the forecasting period, snow blanket can be several meters high, so the town is pretty often overlaid with ice and snow for several days. For example, at the beginning of 50`s of the XX century, it was snowing so much that the town was cut off from the “rest of the world” for more than 15 days, so the citizens who became the prisoners of their own homes, started digging snow tunnels and breeching of snowdrift.

In the last years, similar phenomena are very rare, though the winters in Cetinje are still very strong and cold. The winter begins at the end of October, and it can last until the beginning of May. As for the natural surrounding if Cetinje, the most important is to mention the National park Lovcen, the natural reservation, and the area of primary importance and protection of the life environment. National park Lovcen falls into a specific type of National parks where the dominant value represents culture – historic inheritance and not the nature. It encloses the central and the highest part of the Lovcen massif, of surface 6 400ha. It is proclaimed National park in 19952.

On Lovcen there are totally 1 300 plant species among which there are numerous unique and relic ones like for e.g. bell from Lovcen (lovcenski zvoncic), Nikola`s knapweed (Nikolin razlicak), Nikolaj`s carnation (Nikolajev karanfil), various types of saffron, etc. Of the total surface of the National park Lovcen, 61% is under forests, while the other ground is stone or there are pastures, meadow or plowed fields. The majority is beech forest. There is a significant presence of mountain maple, European ash, hornbeam, and linden tree, while the forest of the black pine is spread around the Jezerski vrh (Lake Peak) and Vuciji dol (Wolf’s valley). In the north east part of the mountain, as a strict ban a unique forest of pine – “munika” is preserved.

In the fauna of Lovcen the representatives of different groups can be found. Lovcen is one of the most powerful centers of bio – diversity of herpetic – fauna (the fauna of amphibians and reptiles of a certain area) in Europe. From the representatives of the herpetic – fauna it is important to mention: mountain triton, Moser lizard, sharp headed lizard, viper, green toad, tree frog, and bar’s turtle. The fauna of the mammals of Lovcen is one of the least researched groups of the animal world like: Insect – ivora, bats, rodent and others.

Still, the greatest treasure of the National park Lovcen are areas under the forest, among which 4 reservations that are under strict protection stand out: on the north slopes is the reservation of pine called “munika” (Pinus hidreichi Christ.), in the area between Stirovnik, Jezerski vrh and Golis are beech forests and the cultures of black pine, the third locality is Konjsko bukve (Horse`s beech), and the fourth is the reservation of the forest of pine “krivulja” (curve).
In the lime limits of the Cetinje field, towards the valley of the River Crnojevic and Skadar Lake, there are oaks and European ashes, and the Mediterranean non evergreen bushes and shrubs as well as laurel grow, and box (European holly).

The fauna in the near surrounding of Cetinje is pretty poor, especially concerning the hunted species. The most interesting and the most widespread kinds are: rabbit, fox, marten, weasel, squirrel, and badger.

The bird world is much richer in the area of Lovcen, and especially in the valley of the River Crnojevic, and the area of Skadar Lake. The bird fauna is represented by over 150 sorts of marsh, and other birds, while the population of fishes, among which the most numerous are carps, eels, bleak, and others, and it counts 30 sorts from 14 families.

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