Podgorica Culture - Part V
His heir, Petar II Petrovic Njegos, in 1956 got a nice park in the center of the town, as well as the great monument, the work of Sreten Stojanovic. Today both the park and the monument are the urban topographies and meeting places, at the statues which emits both war and poetic sentiment. Somewhat further, his contemporary, Serbian vozhd Karadjordje has his monument in the so called Karadjordje Park, identical to the one which is in front of the temple of Sveti Sava in Belgrade. In front of the building of the City library, on a real place for that, several years ago a monument of Marko Miljanov, a bard of Montenegrin ethic, was placed. In the place where in 1918. Podgorica Parliament was held, across the building of the Parliament of the republic of Montenegro, on a high pedestal, a monument to King Nikola I, the last dynasty representative of the House of Petrovici, was erected, who from the same place, almost 100 years ago was exiled. On the top of the hill Gorica, in the very center of the town, there is a monument to the Partizan fighter – a mausoleum with the remains of 97 national heroes from the war of National Liberation. At this place, on every Day of victory over fascism, the representatives of the Montenegrin authority and military lay down the wreaths, traditionally giving honor to those who gave their lives for the benefit of up coming generations. Podgorica is rich with busts which in suitable places give honor to revolutionaries,, writers, and to all those who embroidered their being and their work in their town and state. Beside Stanko Dragojevic, across the hotel there is a bust of the famous Bozidar Vukovic – Podgoricanin (A man from Podgorica). Commemorative plaques often unveil to the passers-by the birth houses, and spaces in which distinguished Montenegrin and Podgorica artists worked. On of the most distinguished representatives of the modernism in South Slavs – Borislav Pekic was born in the center of Podgorica. Risto Stijovic, the greatest sculptor from these areas, born in Stara Varos (OLD TOWN), in the heart of Podgorica, got the suitable acknowledgment in a shape of rearranged, and for all those interested, open home; the attention on the house will be drawn by the commemorative plaque which was placed there by the association of the amateur and professional artists “Slikarski uranak” (PAINTING’S EARLY RISING). Stijovic, who himself gave to Podgorica his works, such as the one given to the Montenegrin voluntaries who died in the World War I, and the already mentioned bust of the printer, Bozidar Vukovic, is considered to be one of the most distinguished citizens of Podgorica, whose artistic range went dee into the spheres of European high art.
Podgorica today is rich with modern monuments dedicated to Aeksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin, a famous Russian poet, which Podgorica received as a gift from the Russian capital. The honor to the famous Montenegrin fighter Vasos Mavrovouniotis was given in a shape of a bust which was made in cooperation with the Greek consulate as a memory of a warrior who took part in the Greek liberation wars.
The least that Podgorica could do as a thank you note to the Russian poet, actor and Boehm Alexander Visotcki, was to erect a modern monument on a bank of Moraca. In his statements Visotcki often said that if he could have two home countries beside Russia he would chose solely Montenegro.
In front of the Law Faculty today we have the monument of Valtazar Bogisic, whose contribution to Montenegrin political and legislative life is great.
From the rare remains of the past, the visitor of Podgorica will for sure first meet the impressive Sahat kula (CLOCK TOWER), which symbolically, measuring time, stands on the border of the old and the new part of the town. Since recently tiled and arranged square is the place on which the tower is situated, which in the second half of the XVIII century was built by Hadzi pasha Osmanagic.
Growing into a European capital, Podgorica is becoming a center of numerous international cultural institutions. Former American cultural center, after a several year break appeared in a new form, under the name of American Corner. Beside the mediating role between the citizens and the American consulate, American Corner grows into a cultural institution of an educational character. Beside the great library this institution offers unique contact with the American periodic and daily press, various guides for getting to know the educational programs of the USA, as well as the reading room with exceptional copies of reference books, dictionaries and other useful editions. Similar department of the British Informational Counsel today exists, even though in a somewhat changed form, getting Britain close to the citizens of Podgorica. A former rich library of this institution was almost completely given to the library of the Department for English language and literature on the Faculty of Philosophy, while a certain part went to the Institute for foreign languages. French cultural center and Moscow culturally informational center found their place on a map of institutions of culture of the capital city of Montenegro.
From the moment of its existence Podgorica has always bore important personalities, important even for the wider region. On a cross road towards the north and the south and under constant presence of wars,, the most famous people from Podgorica have always beside their cultural – educational action, bore a mark of the liberation and revolutionary fight. From Miljan Vukov and Marko Miljanov who with their political, war and literary actions compelled the town, over the contemporary fighters such as Stanko Dragojevic, Mitar Bakic and Mirko Vesovic we come to our contemporaries who mark the transition from the XX to the XXI century. Extremely rich literary scene is marked by the works of Balsa Brkovic, Ognjen Spahic, Ksenija Popovic and many other extremely young creators. The awakening of the Montenegrin film owes a lot to the works of Nikola Vukcevic and Marija Perovic, through whose movies young Podgorica actors such as Marija Vickovic, Viktor Gatulin, Petar Ilic and others mature. The drama work is marked by the effort of Blagota Erakovic and Dragan Koprivica. Musical Podgorica scene in the domain of classical music is marked by Vili Ferdinandi, Igor Perazic, Stevan Kraljevic, and in the domain of pop music we have Sergej Cetkovic, Andrijana Bozovic, Marija Bozovic, Bojan Marovic, Marko Vukcevic, Ivana i Nela Popovic and many others. In the recent period we can notice the awakening of the rock ‘n’ roll scene with which extremely young bends dominate such as Autogeni trening, group Post Mortem, and many others whose voice today in Podgorica is worth hearing.